Easy Volcano Eruption Experiment for Kids (3 Methods & Beautiful Results)

Are you looking for an easy fun and intellectual science experiment for your kid’s science fair!? If yes, then you are on the right page where you will get three easy simple and super fun experiments that works better as a science project. What’s that!? It’s a ‘Volcano making’ at home with your kids.

After watching a documentary on television regarding volcanoes, aroused an interest to create fake volcanoes. Immediately I shared my idea with my girls of 5 and 7 years old. They were very excited by listening the name itself. That is how I started experimenting this super fun activity at home.

Suitable For

Volcano making can be a lot of fun for a summer family project. This fizzy science experiment gives young children an exciting and learning experience as they watch and learn about incredible geological formations while experimenting volcano. This is a perfect activity for  3-4 year olds5-6 year olds and up. Even preschoolers can enjoy the activity by watching.

Method-1: Making Volcano using Baking Soda and Vinegar
Thinks we need

You will need few simple things that you can find in your home or stores easily. The supplies required to mimic the lava that of a real volcano are listed below:

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Procedure
Add baking soda volcano

1) Take a ready-made Volcano or you can make it at home using plastic bottles. Fill the volcano with white marble stones to give it a colorful look as well as kids can get better view on the white background.

2) You can also decorate around the volcano with some kid’s toys to make it more attractive and catchy. Adding kid’s toys to the volcano also grabs kid’s attention as toys are never boring for any kids or even adults. J

3) Find some private space since the volcano eruption makes a mess. As we are using ready-made volcano plate, hopefully the mess is only inside the plate.

4) Do some preparations or trials before you start the actual experiment in order to learn proper amounts of ingredients that decide how big your volcano should be!

5) Now my elder daughter Prithika added required amount of baking soda (one of the magical ingredients) into the volcano. She is always interested in adding ingredients. In one way, it helps her to learn more about mixing and measurement concepts.

6) Seeing her sister, my younger one Tisha (5 years old) also excited and got ready to add ingredients to the volcano. She added few drops of food colouring. 1-2 drops of food colour gives nice colourful effect to our volcano.
Add food color to baking soda

7) Then add a few ml of dish wash soap to the volcano carefully.
Adding soap liquid volcano

8) Now for the eruption, add another magical ingredient i.e. vinegar to the volcano.
Add vinegar to volcano

Kids started clapping and shouting by seeing the amazing volcano that is fizzing and frothing out of the volcano set up. This amazing and wonderful volcano is resulted with the reaction of baking soda and vinegar.
volcano using baking soda

Tip:

If you want the larger eruptions, increase the amounts of baking soda and vinegar. That’s it so simple and fun included. Kids will enjoy to take on a sense of pride for their achievement.
Erupting volcano go science girls

Now let us jump into the second method of making homemade volcano which is as simple as first method.

Method 2 Volcano in the bowls using same ingredients
Erupting-volcano experiment for kids

Making homemade volcano is a fun science activity for kids. All you need is to provide enough space for volcano to erupt. So you can create volcano using anything from the kitchen but it should be wide enough. Here we are going to create volcano using wide enough bowls and the same magical ingredients.
what we need

  • Baking soda
  • Soap liquid
  • Food colour
  • Vinegar
  • Bowls (make sure the bowls are neatly washed as the volcano is not formed if there are any other chemical substances which may get react and form other reactions)

Procedure
adding soap liquid and baking soda to bowl

1) Take four bowls and arrange them neatly on the work table or work place. It is suggested to take the bowls in a wide and big plate so that the eruption will flow or spread wide area and be within the plate.

2) Add different food colours to four different bowls so that it gives different coloured volcanoes. My daughters are excited to add their favorite colours. In fact this is their most favorite step in every activity we does (if there are chances to add any colours while experimenting).

3) Now add dish soap liquid in required amounts to each of the bowls. Be careful while adding dish soap liquid especially with the kids. Ask your kids to wash their hands properly if the dish soap is touched to their hands. If not it may go into their eyes when they rub mistakenly.
getting volcano

4) Finally add vinegar to get the volcano eruption in the bowls. As my kids already knew about the vinegar’s reaction in this experiment, they were very excited to add vinegar. My elder one took the chance adding vinegar to the bowl. You can see the colourful volcano after vinegar is added. This is due to the reaction between baking soda and vinegar.
Erupting volcano

Kids were fascinated watching the mimic done by vinegar in the last resulting in amazing and colourful volcano in all the four bowls.
colorful volcano

This is the simple and easiest way to attract or fascinate the people at the science fair.

Method 3 Creating Volcano experiment with Lemon

Make lemon volcanoes (ideal experiment) along with your kids using kitchen ingredients. The end result is wonderful that leaves a surprise on kid’s face. This is another easiest method to create colorful volcano using lemons. Let us see how we can amaze children using lemon.

Materials required
Things we need

All you need are:

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Instructions
Adding food color baking powder

1) Take a medium sized lemon and cut into 3/4th using butter or cutting knife.

2) Squeeze out the seeds and some lemon juice (leaving some juice) with the help of spoon or fork.

3) Add few drops of food colour to the inside of the lemon. Choose some bright colours to see bright and colourful lemon volcanoes. We used red orange and yellow food colours to get orange-red lava! Kids enjoyed watching bright display of volcanoes.  

4) Put some baking soda on top of the lemon to see the amazing results.

5) Use spoon or fork to let the baking soda inside the lemon.

As soon as you add the baking soda to the lemon, there happens a chemical reaction again between the lemons (acidic in nature) and the baking soda (base). This chemical reaction leaves a gas known as carbon dioxide which is responsible for the frothing and fizzing of the eruption coming out of the lemon.

My kids felt this as very simple and easy activity to create colorful volcano and they are very much attracted to lemon volcanoes. They have done this activity thrice to satisfy their excitement. J
Lemon volcano

Science behind the colorful volcano eruption

A volcano is a typically conical mountain or hill that has lava coming out from a magma chamber under the surface of the ground. The materials include in the volcano are lava, gaseous sulfur compounds, steam, heat, broken rock pieces and ash. The volcano erupts and explodes all these materials out when there are right conditions like high temperature and pressure.

However, in our home experiment of creating fake volcano gives an idea of how a volcano looks like when the lava erupts. This is a simple classic science experiment works based on a chemical reaction and showing physical volcano eruption. The chemical reaction is nothing but a reaction between the baking soda and vinegar results in the release of a gas called carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is the same gas which is used in sodas for the purpose of carbonation. You can observe the same reaction what you see when the soda bottle is shaken up and remove the bottle cap. The pressure created while shaking make the gas molecules to spread out as there is no enough space to spread, it comes out of the bottle when the cap is opened. In the same way, the carbon dioxide released (because of the chemical reaction between baking soda and vinegar) builds up enough pressure inside the volcano finally results in the eruption in order to exit the bubbles.

In other words, the chemical reaction between baking soda and vinegar is said to be an ‘Acid-Base Reaction’. Because the chemical reaction is happening between the acetic acid (vinegar) and a base (sodium bicarbonate). The acetic acid (a weak acid) reacts with and neutralizes the base (sodium bicarbonate). The gas released during the reaction is the carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is the main culprit for the fizzing and bubbling of the wonderful ‘eruption’.

Obviously it not the real volcano but it is a cool thing to watch and learn about volcanoes visually.

This project takes not more than 30 minutes to complete. I could say that it is a classic science experiment because kids will get to learn chemical reactions and observe what is happening when a volcano erupts. Sounds cool right!!? Did you know the carbon dioxide gas released during the experiment is also present or produced during real volcanoes!! Hope you all enjoyed to learn about colorful fake volcanoes in three different methods. Happy experiment!!

Please Note ...
This is an easy activity that kids can make on their own but still parents have to keep an eye on their kids while performing the activity.  The baking soda, vinegar and food coloring are completely safe for children to touch and experiment. However, just be aware that the experiment results (the lava) are not edible. Please be mindful that toddlers are attracted to colorful things and they may try to taste them. We always suggest to have parental supervision while trying science experiments. Learn more about it here

Different Erupting volcanoes

Some Q&A for your interaction with kids

How does a volcano experiment work?

In our experiment, baking soda and vinegar are the magic ingredients to create a volcano at home. When the baking is combined with the vinegar, there happens a chemical reaction producing a gas called carbon dioxide which causes a volcano to erupt (looks similar to the real volcano eruption). The carbon dioxide gas creates pressure to throw out the gas bubbles inside the volcano thus exit the volcano like real ones.

How much baking soda and vinegar do you need to make a volcano?

We always have to be very careful while adding ingredients in right amounts in order to get our wonderful results. We may not get our desired results if we miss to add right amounts of ingredients. In our experiment, we require 2 table spoons of baking soda to mix in 1/4th cup of vinegar to erupt a beautiful volcano at home.

How do you make a glowing volcano?

Take your chemical volcano project to the next level and make it more exciting by creating glowing volcano. For a glowing lava, use tonic water instead of vinegar and a black light. You can also use both the ingredients i.e. take equal quantities of vinegar and tonic water to make erupting glowing volcano under a black light. Tonic water consists of fluorescent compound called quinine, which is responsible for glowing volcano eruption. The other way to create glowing volcano is to wrap the volcano around the tonic water bottle and just drop the Mentos candies into the bottle. You can see the amazing glowing volcano at home. One more method to see colorful glowing volcano is to mix the chlorophyll with vinegar. The chlorophyll when expose to ultra violet light, starts glowing in red. Hence, you can see the red glowing volcano.

What is the purpose of the baking soda and vinegar experiment?

You see a lot of bubbling and foaming while erupting volcano. Formation of bubbles and foam is due to the combination of baking soda and vinegar. When the baking soda (a base, sodium bicarbonate) is mixed with the vinegar solution (an acid), there happens a chemical reaction releasing a gas known as carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is unstable and fills the volcano with a lot of bubbles. Due to the pressure builds up in the volcano due to carbon dioxide gas, the gas bubbles gets exit the volcano like a real volcano eruption.

Baking soda and vinegar volcano explanation? or What causes the vinegar and baking soda to react?

Both the ingredients are responsible for the chemical reaction because baking soda is a base (called sodium bicarbonate) reacts with the vinegar, an acid producing carbon dioxide.

Is using baking soda OK for kids?

According to the studies, using baking soda is completely safe since it is mild and unscented for kids. Baking soda has both the alkaline and antiseptic properties that soothes the acidic nature of skin and protects it from infections. It tastes bitter so kids obviously would not like to put in their mouth. However, it is always good to take extra care while using baking soda very often.

Disclaimer : This post contains affiliate links from Amazon. An affiliate link means that when you purchase using the link provided in this page, I would get a small referral fees WITHOUT any extra cost to you. I highly appreciate your understanding and support.

How to Start Fire with a Magnifying Glass?

Create Fire with magnifying Glass

Starting a fire with magnifying glass is going to thrill your kids. Science is everywhere!! Today let us see the science around us along with our kids in a closer view. Huh!! Closer look!? Yes, also I give you a perfect chance to improve your kid’s motor skills. 

Kids are naturally curious and love to explore the world around them!! But this time we are going to give them a magnifying lens to enhance their learning experience in a better and closer view.

Create Fire with magnifying Glass

This is one of my favorite learning experiences remembered my childhood days playing with magnifying lens.

At this point, I told them about the activity I am going to show them i.e. ‘Creating fire with magnifying glasses. “Wow!! Mamma are you serious!? Are we going to make fire using this magical glass!? It’s really exciting mamma, lets us start immediately”. You can expect these words are from my two girls. Let us enter the world of magnifying glass without any delay and lit some fire!! 🙂

Things required  

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That’s it, we require only three simple materials to do this fun filled science experiment.

Starting Fire From Magnifying Glass

I took my daughters to our apartment balcony on a bright sunny day to demonstrate. 

1) Ask your kid to show some drawing skills on the white paper. My younger one drew a smiley face using her sketches on the white paper. Let your kids draw any shape to have fun on the paper as well.

Science Experiment starts with drawing

2) Select a safe location (where the fire cannot spread to anything else since you need to perform the activity outdoor) to make fire using magnifying glass.

3) Now hold the magnifying glass between your white paper and the sun. My elder one is interested to hold the magnifying glass. She already applied sunscreen lotion to avoid sun burns. So, apply some sunscreen lotion to your children before you go out for sun.

4) As soon as the magnifying glass is under the sun focusing on the paper, it gives a bright dot on the paper. You can make the dot size bigger by tilting the lens back and forth. Keep in mind that keep the dot size as small as possible in order to create the fire sooner.

5) Ask the kid to focus the dot in one place for about few seconds to minutes. Slowly you can observe some smoke from the focused area. Then the fire comes slowly after smoke appears.

Creating fire from sun using magnifying glass

My kids focused on eyes and mouth part of the smiley face they have drawn on the white paper. They were amazed seeing the fire using magnifying glass. They enjoyed peeping out of the eyes of the smiley face as they made holes by creating fire with the lens glass. They hugged and thank me for showing them such a wonderful act.
Starting firework

sun burned face mask

Put off the fire as soon as its purpose is served.    

We even went to our garden to try out with dried leaves. It worked so fool-proof that leaves in our garden started burning. Trust me, no exaggeration. The dried leaves lying around caught fire. I stopped there but was really feeling awesome by the way it worked. You need a magnifying glass which can be purchased but they are not expensive. Be very careful on a sunny day to prevent any accidents. Ensure not to leave the glass outside without knowledge. Also, do not allow kids to handle alone.

 

The Science Behind It

The unique properties of magnifying glass is the magic trick behind creating a fire using magnifying glass. Wondered to know what those unique properties are!!? Let us begin.

We already learned about what is magnifying glass and how it makes things look bigger. Coming to our experiment, the science behind creating a fire using magnifying glass is found in the form of photons. Photons are just the particles that carry or holds the clear visible light from the sun to the earth. They transmit light and energy in the form of heat. A magnifying glass sets fire by focusing all the photons through the small dot area created by the convex (curved outward) lens. When the sun fall on the magnifying glass, the appropriate focal strength of the photons passes through the lens and creates a small sized dot on the ignitable material. This generates an extremely high heat concentration at the dot area which is good enough to start a fire. This is time taking process and you need to wait until the sun light catches fire.

The convex lens can be found in many devices we are aware of. Ex: binoculars, camera, even glass bottle bottoms etc.

Tip

  • A water droplet on the lens intensifies the sun light’s heat causes the fire to ignite more quickly.
  • The larger the lens, the easier to create a fire on any flammable material.


Please note…

Tisha was 3 years old when I tried this experiment. Don’t think skeptical about this. You can teach kids about making a fire in your garden with this experiment.  Let me warn you to take care of kids. Please make sure if your kid is appropriate to take part in this experiment. However, I know that my kids will not overboard on things and will check with me. Also, I will explain to them about the hazards caused in advance. Hence I am very confident to do any experiment with my kids. I will also tell them few conditions and only if they abide by we will do that particular work. It is easy to handle my little ones. You can also ensure safety before starting not only this activity but others too posted in this site.


Here are some key questions that you can discuss with your young scientists. 

Can you really start a fire with glasses?

Yes, we can create the fire using any type of glasses that have convex lens. All you need to create a fire is convex lens to focus the sun light to a small area or specific spot. The devices that fall under this category are binoculars, eye glasses, magnifying glasses etc. Even the ice is used the purpose since it has a curved shape similar to the convex lens. A mirror glass can also create the fire since it produces heat but it takes a long time to ppoduce fire. Convex lens direct the sun ray’s to a specific point thus responsible for ignition.  

What starts fire when you show magnifying glass in sun?

A magnifying glass makes fire with the help of heat from the sun. This is done by focusing the glass for 50-60 seconds under the sun. The sun rays pass through the lens of the glass focusing the heat at one specific and small point where the fire begins after producing some smoke.  

Can you start a fire with a flashlight and a magnifying glass?

Yes, we can create a fire with a flash light and magnifying glass but this likely will not work since the flashlight produces very less intensity of heat. You need to use two magnifying glasses to create a thin laser light beam of heat rays in order to set fire. You can use paper, dry grass and dry twigs to set fire as they have access to catch the fire easily. However, the results are not guaranteed. 

How do you make a fire without matches?

A magnifying glass is the great way to start the fire without matches. During unfavorable conditions, this is the best method to survive. Regardless of how you start your fire, always carry tinder (it should be dry) along with you. Making fire using flint ans steel is one of the easiest ways to set fire. You can use a mirror or a water-filled balloon instead of magnifying glass to create fire in the absence of matches. One of the most famous and most difficult ways to create fire by friction. It is followed in olden days by our ancestors. In this way, you can create fire in different ways.

What happens when light passes through magnifying glass?

When light passes through magnifying glass, the convex lens refract or bend the light rays causing the light trays come together. This makes our eyes see things in a different way than the original ones. When the light rays fall on an object and reflect the image to your eyes by travelling in a parallel direction. These parallel rays when passes through a magnifying glass, the convex lens bend the parallel rays and bring them together causing a virtual image on the retina of your eyes. This virtual image appears larger than the real ones.

What lens does a magnifying glass use?

A magnifying glass uses convex lens usually mounted in a frame with a handle making it portable and easy to use. The convex lens is something that bends the light passing through it. Bending of light causes virtual images. 

How do magnifying glasses burn things?

The convex lens in the magnifying glass causes things burn. The double convex lens in the magnifying glass focuses the beam of heat rays at one single point. Concentrating the energy at a single point causing a flammable object to set fire. 

Can you make magnifying glass fire without sun?

To create a fire, all you need to focus on how much energy you are focusing on the size of the area. The convex lens know how to do this. Sure, you can absolutely use laser light to create fire without sun. Laser light is a monochromatic light makes the purpose easy since we do not need to worry about the aberration of lens. Any source of light that has as much energy as sunlight will serve the purpose. 

Do magnifying glasses work underwater?

Usually, the regular and normal magnifying glass does not work under water. Because the refractive index of magnifying glass is equal (almost equal) to the refractive index of the water. Hence, the magnification power of magnifying glass is lost under water since there is no or a little refraction.

Creating Fire With Magnifying Glass go science girls
Some tips for allowing your kids to play with magnifying glass

If I am not wrong you actually don’t allow your kid to touch any type of glasses including magnifying glass. 🙂 I knew the reason as well, we all think that glasses hurt while playing but anything handled with care and also under proper guidance we can reduce such risks to our kids.

Exploring nature and science with the magnifying glass is so much fun for pre-school children and also attracts adults too irrespective of their age. Exploring with magnifying glass provides children an amazing platform where they can explore things in finer detail, and helps to make sense of world as well as extends their thinking power and motor skills. To top it off, using magnifying glass benefits kids to get exposed to optical technology.

When I first got the lens into my home, I just couldn’t stop my two kid’s anxiety and happiness. In fact, they both started fighting for one so later I had to buy one more. Uffff! Still I am happy to show them how we can set fire using magnifying glass.

First teach them how to handle magnifying glass as we are dealing with glasses and lens. Tell them all the necessary precautions to be taken while dealing with glasses.

Ask them to see their hands, skin, eyes, and the nature around them through magnifying glass. Tell them to observe carefully at everything that is present around them and ask them to notice the change in the size of anything or object. My kids are very much excited seeing things in a bigger view including small insects and tiny objects. This is the great way to explore the simple science around them in a simple way. You can use this simple activity not only for fun but also as a great educational tool. How cool!! Isn’t it!? Share your comments on how you used magnifying glass with your kids to explore science. 

Disclaimer:This post contains affiliate links from Amazon. An affiliate link means that when you purchase using the link provided in this page, I would get a small referral fees WITHOUT any extra cost to you. I highly appreciate your understanding and support.

Spiny Leaf Phasmids : Secret Life of Pets (DIY Enclosure Steps!)

secret life of spiny leaf phasmids

Few of you might wonder to know that an insect is a pet of my family. Yes, we are four of us, my two little school going daughters less than 10 years old, my techy husband and a busy homemaker, running around all through the day, taking care of kids, playing with them, ambitious to make them understand science concepts at the young age, etc. Hmm, that’s all about me.

Yes, I love keeping myself busy as a bee and more than that desire to make my kids learn things with practical experience. This is how we started developing love towards the pets and we have the usual pet animals the dog and cat at home. But that did not stop and I had a chance to get Spiny leaf phasmid from one of my friends and these insects have become so close to my kids.

I know it’s enough for an intro about our pet loving family. Now, let me tell you about what is this spiny leaf insect, why it is called so, how it becomes a great pet, and why kids love them more, as well finally will let you know how to make an enclosure to grow this insect at home.

Feeling excited? I am very much as I am going to share great inputs about the insect and the enclosure I did.

 

What is Spiny Leaf Phasmid?

secret life of spiny leaf phasmidsImage Credit: Wikipedia

These are tiny insects that feed on leaves and have the ability to camouflage. They are present in Australia and they resemble an ant or a Scorpio. But don’t worry as they don’t bite or sting. They are absolutely harmless. They hatch from the female egg and become a nymph and then an adult insect.

You may want to ask why they are called phasmids. I am coming to that now. Insects that have irregular metamorphosis and have phytophagous habit then we call them phasmid. Again I get your thoughts, too many technically words on a kid’s science experiment blog. No, don’t think like that this is an age when you can teach those new words and explanation for they will remember forever. I am a proud mom who is doing this since the birth of my first daughter and both my daughters can spell any word and remembers the synonyms too.

Coming back to the explanation, metamorphosis is the process that takes place from birth of an insect until it grows big in stages. Spiny leaf phasmid has irregular by this I means that they hatch from the egg, then become a tiny insect within 3 hours resembling ant and called a nymph. Within the next few days develops to a mature spiny leaf phasmid. That’s very quick indeed and they don’t go through the entire insect growth lifecycle.

One more hard word here is phytophagous which means insects that feed on leaves and survive. This is all about this tiny little insect. Let’s explore more in the coming sections.

 

Why are they called great pets?

spiny leaf phasmids great pets for kids
Image Credit: Wikipedia

They are harmless and that is the primary reason they become the best friend for people. They can grow only with leaves as their food and a few drops of water. This way it is easy to maintain them. They look like dried leaves and become a great decorative ornament when grown in house. Above all kids love to play with them and thus I call it a great pet.

 

Some exciting facts about this little phasmids

 

There is not one but many fascinating facts about this insect. Let me tell you one by one and feel glad that you can use these inputs to let your kids understand the science behind insects.

 

  1. Parthenogenesis

 

The female insects do not require male for reproduction. They lay eggs and those eggs can be male or female spiny leaf phasmids. Which means these insects will clone the mother or their siblings. But there is no role for a male insect in reproduction.

 

  1. Given birth by Spiny Leaf but hatched with the help of Ant

 

The egg that falls down from the mother insect will fall on the ground and ant will misinterpret that as its food and carry them below the soil. However, it helps the egg to be protected and also ants eat their shells as food while the egg hatches into a nymph.

 

  1. Nymphs look like an ant

 

Then they crawl like an ant and also look like ant hence protecting them from insect-eating birds. There are few birds that eat insects but not an ant. So these tiny little nymphs are safe to travel on the tree and start eating leaves for food to grow. They consume water from the droplets of the leaf to quench their thirst.

 

  1. Camouflage

 

They can change color to match the living environment and hence stay without being harmed by other creatures. It looks like a dry leaf and hence called a spiny leaf insect.

 

  1. Giant spiny or prickly stick insect

 

It is also called a giant spiny or prickly stick insect as sometimes it resembles a stick.

 

Why do kids like to pet spiny leaf insect

spiny leaf phasmids australian walking stick petImage Credit: Wikipedia

Kids love these insects because they are small and do not harm. They feel good when they move on the kid’s hands or dress. They provide great time pass to kids and also allow kids to watch them eat and grow.

 

However, I like this insect very much and can you guess why? Yes, because I can grow this at home teach kids about the entire lifecycle. My daughters love the way I tell them because there is no theory and everything is practical. My kindergartener and preschool going kid both know the entire lifecycle of not this insect but all insects. Thanks to Spiny Leaf Phasmid that helped me teach my kids these lessons easily. Trust me you can try this too!

 

I got you now and you are wondering how to grow a spiny leaf phasmid at home?

 

Don’t worry let me explain you in the coming section and at the end, you will feel glad to follow me making a DIY enclosure for the spiny leaf insect to grow them at home and make kids learn science.

Here is an interesting video: 

 

Step by step method to create an enclosure at home for Spiny Leaf Phasmids

 

There are two aspects to grow these pets. First one is buying them and the next is to make an enclosure to grow them. You can choose to buy the egg or insect from the bug shops and even online from Australian insect selling shops. For instance, you can check www.terrificscientific.com for purchasing. Let me tell you how to grow them and also will tell you how to preserve the eggs laid by the female insects and allow them to hatch.

 

  1. Get a basket ready – This can be a mesh type dustbin or you can make one by arranging the wooden frames with mosquito mesh. However, it must be of a minimum size of 40 X 30 X 30 cm in dimension. The female insect will of 110mm long and you need to make your enclosure thrice longer than this to allow them to move freely. If using a mesh type bin, then close the top with a mesh using a rubber band. In case you make a wooden cage then you can refer a fly screen cage and make one like that.
  2. Prepare food – Then get a bottle or a flower vase and fill water into that. Place that into the cage and make sure they have a lid. But the lid must contain a hole to insert the eucalyptus leaves with the stem. Yes, this is the food to your insects. You can place the insect in the cage and it is free to move around and you can also enjoy with your kids seeing them from outside.
  3. Grow the eggs – Arrange for a plastic box filled with mud or tissue paper. Close the box with its cover. But they must have small openings all through the lid to give room for air circulation. Take the egg from the cage soon after it is laid and place it in the sand or tissue paper and water them regularly. Close it with the lid but they won’t suffocate due to the presence of the holes. Wait for up to 2 years to see the insect hatching from the egg. Few eggs hatch quickly but others might take time.

 

It is this simple to make an enclosure for the spiny leaf insect. Before I forget let me tell you a few points to remember.

 

  • Ensure there are no chemicals or pesticides on the eucalyptus or the bramble leaves which are the food for the insects. These chemicals might turn out to be poison to those small creatures.
  • Make it a point to spray water often on the leaves and that will help insects to douse their thirst. Do not place any water glass inside the cage to save your time spraying as the insects might fall into the water and die. You must spray water.
  • Let the mesh be closely knit otherwise the insects will easily escape from the cage.
  • Make a separate cage for nymphs till they grow as an adult insect with a much smaller net because they can come out easily.
  • Change the leaves periodically once in 3 days and a maximum of 5 days as the nourishment is required for the insects to survive. Remember to the fill water in the vase or the jar where the leaves are placed.

 

Final thoughts

I am happy to share my experience with you and want you to grow Spiny Leaf Phasmids to teach entomology (the study of insects) to your kids and have fun too with these tiny little pets.

Did I miss this information? I am not sure and my apology if it is a repeat. Female insects cannot fly and only make spiny leaf phasmids can fly.

DIY Christmas Tree Bubble Wand {Learn bubble physics}

 Learn to make a bubble wand and teach kids about bubble physics.  Check this link for more STEM activities for Christmas with fun for kids. 


Make a Christmas tree bubble wand and explore bubble science through play

Playing bubble is my pass time activity with kids. We used to have loads of joy. I wanted to gift my kids with happiness this Christmas with a DIY bubble wand. This will double the joy of Christmas fun and wands matching the occasion!

We have made wands several times for different occasion and trust me there is a learning every time. The physics concepts are learned from this experiment. We try different shape and make it unique every time.

Related: Check out other bubble wands by clicking the link below.

  1. Geometric shapes
  2. Easter egg
  3. Heart Shaped

Suitable For

All age group kids will enjoy with bubbles and at each age, they will experience different fun. Usually, babies will be fond of seeing and touching bubbles. On the other hand preschooler and KG kids will learn how to make it and how it works. My daughter’s Pritika and Tisha were 6 and 4 respectively when we tried this for Christmas.


Playing with Christmas Tree bubble wands

How to make a Christmas Tree Bubble Wand

Things required

  • green tape
  • chopsticks
  • bubble mix solution
  • a cup
  • 12″ x 6mm pipe cleaner sparkly metallic green and 12″ x 6mm pipe cleaner furry green

From the list, you can see that there are two pipe cleaners we used namely the sparkly and the furry type. The trees will look different. Both displayed the same performance but my kids enjoyed sparkly one when compared to the furry type.

 Instructions to make them

  1. Take the pipe cleaner and fold it into half and mark the center point which will be the top of the Christmas tree.
  2. Bend and make a Christmas tree shape by joining the end in the center of the tree base
  3. Twist the rest of the pipe cleaner around chopstick end.
  4. Use tape to wrap it and secure it.
  5. Take the bubble mix in a bowl
  6. Before blowing check with kids if they know what shape will come out of the wands.
  7. Dip the bubble wand in the mix and blow

Christmas tree bubble wands

Tisha expected it to come out in Christmas tree shape. But she understood that it will be only round in shape after blowing a couple of times.

Christmas tree bubble wand bubbles
Catching a bubble
Christmas tree bubble wand hero

Then I explained to her about the science behind it in simple words.

I told her that the shape is a sphere and it is happening due to the push-pull force between air and the bubble mixture.

Blowing bubbles with a DIY Christmas tree bubble wand

Christmas tree bubble wands

Later on, my elder one joined us from school and then I gave her a detailed explanation.

I told her that air is present everywhere but not visible and it can be felt. The soap solution reduces the surface tension of the water. When the bubble is floating the air present inside push the bubble outside and air outside pushes the bubble in and hence there is a push-pull force which makes the shape round.

Even with the Christmas tree shaped bubble wand the bubble will be round as the sharp corners will not balance out the inside and outside air. The outside air will push persistently till bubbles become round. Pritika observed that when the bubble landed on a slippery table it change shape to semi-sphere.

Semi sphere bubble

I told her that the third force coming from the table makes it appear flat on the table Hence, spherical bubble lands as a semi-spherical one. Pritika tried adding another bubble to the first one to see the shape.

Every time the touching portion appeared to be flat. Rest of the portion was round in shape.

Then we imagined and tried to make many bubbles float around attaching to each other. The bubble in the center will become a cube as all other bubbles touching it will make it flat. Across all sides, the sphere becomes flat to appear like a cube.

She also tried to look at the biggest bubble and its structure. She did eight bubbles on the table. It took time to stack and few disappeared in the process and she managed to arrange 8 of them in one go.

Creating a seven or eight bubble structure

Likewise, she tried in different ways and we enjoyed. Tisha had more fun and less understanding. But Pritika understood concepts and experimented new things. 

Fun Science

Bubble mix contains soap and water. Adding soap to the water lessens the surface tension and hence water becomes thin and flexible. So you can make great bubbles with this texture.

Therefore bubbles are made up of the soapy water film containing air inside. The pushing out force of the air inside the bubble and the pushing in force of the air outside will balance out by forming a round shape.

Do you want to know the shape of the bubble in space?


Christmas tree bubble wand play

Christmas tree bubble wand square

For more Christmas-themed fun, check out our Christmas Science page, including:

 

Check Christmas Science page for more Christmas related activities.

 

 

Physics fun activities are available at Physics Experiments for Kids

 

 

We are available on Pinterest as well and we welcome you to follow us

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Christmas tree bubble wands and bubble science for kids - fun STEAM activity for holidays

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Upcycled Catapult – STEM go green DIY Challenge

You can now make an upcycled catapult easily. With the right projectile ready you can now teach Fun physics for kids.

Easy DIY Upcycled Catapult - science play for kids

We are going to be part of the 4 weeks STEM challenge. It is running for 28 days with hands-n science activities. Every week they will announce a new theme and under the Go Green theme, we are going to make a DIY. GO green is nothing but an eco-friendly experiment with some science concepts involved in it. Your kids can have fun and you can feel glad to teach them science. We will be using upcycled items which are available at home. Also, it is part of 10 minutes activity and you need not spend much time.

Suitable For

It is an experiment with logic and fun so you can try with all age group kids. How will different age group find it useful is listed below.

Toddlers – Can have fun with the activity but make sure you are using a soft projectile

Preschoolers – These kids can try changing different projectiles and understand which one goes high and far.

Kindergarteners  – They will do the catapult on their own and can try with different items to find the best make. Try using projectiles of different size and shape to understand the science behind the experiment. Also, will try to move the fulcrum or use a long beam and find the effects. You can fix targets to hit and score them to announce the winner.

Things required to make the DIY catapult

    • Cardboard tube which is strong (preferably an empty toilet tissue roll)
    • Hair elastic
    • Projectile
    • safety glass (optional)
    • Wooden spoon

Making a DIY catapult using recycled materials

Check the tube that is available at home. The one I used is the toilet tissue roll which will be thrown after use. If not use a rolling pin and that will do the job.

Loop the elastic on the cardboard tube two times. In the place where the elastic gets crossed insert a wooden spoon and fix it. So at the end of the spoon you can keep the projectile.

With this basic catapult model you can start your experiment and choose the projectile. For toddlers use a crushed paper and that will be soft. Also, can be played indoor without any fear of damage. Indeed it is one of the best rainy day activity.

Where did it go Experimenting with projectiles
Indoor science fun with DIY catapult and projectiles

Try this activity outdoor when playing with preschool kid. Try with pinecones or seed pods as the projectile.

With these projectiles, you need not worry about any damage caused to the neighbor’s house.

Also, we suggest you to use the safety glass and protect kids eyes. You can check this to know about safety glass.

Upcycled eco-friendly catapult - science fun for kids

I have tried this several times as my kids love to do this at home and outside. It’s really a fun activity. You can also try this and have fun.

DIY Upcycled lever catapult - fun science activity for stem goes green

Fun Science

This is a lever and the science behind this is similar to a simple machine. It consists of a beam, the spoon handle is the beam. It is fixed to the fulcrum (cardboard tube) at one point with the help of the elastic. Imagine a seesaw that works on the same principle.

The lever will affect the effort required to raise something. Vary the distance between the fulcrum, force, and the load (projectile) to test the height traveled by the projectile.

This experiment is listed under 4 weeks of STEM challenge. Take a look and you can find many activities for kids.

Easy DIY Upcycled Catapult - fun science activity you can do at home, indoors or outside. Great STEM activity for kids

How to Make Heart Shaped Bubble Wand

Fun Science Project : We are back with one more bubble wands DIY and it is Valentine’s Day special! Learn to make a heart-shaped bubble wand and express your love to kids. They can also learn some bubble physics with fun.

How to make heart shaped bubble wands and some fun bubbles science for kids

We love making bubble wands and blow a dozens of bubble in the air. I play with my two little girls in our backyard. This time we decided to make a heart shaped bubble wand.

Suitable For

My niece aged 3 loves to play with bubbles. She loves it since I met her first when she was 1 year old. So I can guarantee you that age is not a barrier to enjoy playing bubbles.

Babies will look at them and try to touch them but preschooler and KG kids will learn how to make it and how it works.  Older kids will make their own and will experiment on several aspects.

Make sure to ask them the shape of the bubble once the wand is ready and before they blow they must predict.

How to make a Heart Shaped Bubble Wand

Things required

  • scissors
  • chopsticks
  • 6mm pipe cleaners (also called chenille stems)

Following two items are optional

  • Pony beads – Solid white and transparent red
  • tape (suiting color)

Materials to make heart shaped bubble wands

Needless to say that I did two wands and I am sure most of you who visit my page regularly will know the reason. For the first time readers, I will tell you. I have two angels aged 6 and 4 and hence I always make 2 wherever possible to allow both to have fun individually. It does not take more than a minute or two to complete the work provided you have all the things ready on your desk. 

Adding pony beads and a chopstick handle

I took the pipe cleaner and made a loop, twisted and created an oval with 2 inches left on the ends. To make it look decorative I used pony beads and threaded them. Tied the pipe cleaner end to the chopstick and made it the handle.

Adding tape to reinforce the handle

Additionally, I wrapped red tape to the chopstick to ensure grip and tighten the pipe cleaner in its place.

DIY Heart Bubble Wands

I have tried making it without tapes before and there won’t be any difference in the performance. Only for little kids, this will provide a softer grip. Finally, by bending the oval I made it look like a heart-shaped cleaner. Now, I did the second wand following the same steps.

How to make DIY heart shaped bubble wands and some fun bubbles science for kids

Now, you can ask kids about how they will work, what will be the shape of the heart-shaped bubble wand, etc. Let them guess and make some assumptions before you actually blow them.

Then allow them to check the results !

Fun Bubble Science Facts

Check Easter egg-shaped bubble wand to understand the scientific fact about bubbles and it’s working.

Pritika knows that the shape will remain round as she has tried with different shaped wands before. But this time she tried with different breath pattern and observed the bubble size. The slow breath will form big bubbles. The fast breath will create many bubbles but small ones.

She attempted slowly to look at the shape of the bubble inside the wand. She managed to make it look heart-shaped inside the wand.

Blowing bubbles with the DIY heart bubble wand

When she released slowly it looked around on one plane and heart shaped on the other plane.

Pritika learned science in a fun way and changed the variables to modify the result into different size and shape.

Blowing bubbles with a homemade heart bubble wand

A heart shaped bubble

Can you make a heart shaped bubble
DIY heart bubble wands

We have listed numerous bubble science fun activities and check the links given below to play as well as teach science to kids.

  1. Geometric shapes
  2. Easter egg
  3. Heart Shaped

Physics fun activities are available at Physics Experiments for Kids

 We are available on Pinterest as well and we welcome you to follow us

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We also gladly welcome you to subscribe to our newsletter and get alerts about our updated posts and activities. Please join us and add value in your kid’s life by teaching them science in a fun way.

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Easter Egg Bubble Wands

Let us explore a fun science project for Easter with kids. We will make Easter egg bubble wands to observe the bubble’s shape. Also, to teach some science to little kids.


Easter Egg Bubble Wands and Cool Bubble Science

Easter is coming closer and Happy Easter to all readers!

This time during Easter my elder daughter Pritika 5.5 years old came with an interest of making Easter egg bubble wands. She already knows to make bubble wands but insisted on making a DIY Easter egg type. She was keen to know if they will blow into an Easter egg-shaped bubbles. I was excited about her thoughts.

We then decided to try this DIY and found to have all the materials required to do at our kitchen itself. I wanted to make 2 as my younger one Tisha also can have fun. Trust me it is so simple and you can make many to distribute to kids around your place.

There are affiliate links* in this post and check them to purchase materials if you require (Appreciate your support).  

 

Easter Egg Bubble Wands Making Steps

Things required

    • yellow packing tape
    • scissors
    • chopsticks
    • Chenille Stems – 3 x 6mm furry pipe cleaners – You can choose different colors and we used Yellow, orange and navy
    • bubble mix

Materials to make easter egg bubble wands

Using two pipe cleaners I made a loop twisted to make them as rough ovals and left about two inches at the edges. Later on, made each oval sit on the chopstick’s end to wound them tightly with the pipe cleaner ends. This will now form the handle.

Twist Pipe Cleaners onto chopsticks

With the 3rd pipe cleaner, I cut them into quarters and bent them into a crisscross pattern. By twisting the zigzag ends I attached them to the oval to make it look like an Easter egg shape.

Twist pipe cleaner quarters to create a zigzag pattern

Finally, I included a tape around their handles to make sure pipe cleaners are in place. But this is optional.

Add tape to secure the pipecleaners to the chopstick

In fact, we have tried making it without using the tapes and it worked well. You can ensure more softness when kids use it by wrapping the tape on the chopsticks. Your Easter Egg bubble wand will be ready now. You can dip the pipe cleaner side in the bubble mix to blow and have fun.

Easter egg bubble wands and bubble science

Did you blow them? How did it work? Did you see Easter egg-shaped bubbles?

We leave it to you to check and see its working

Blowing Easter egg bubbles

Fun Bubble Science Facts

Bubble mix is a mixture of water and soap. Mixing soap to the water will weaken the surface tension of water and forms a thin film. It is flexible and best suited to make bubbles.

Soapy water with air trapped inside forms bubbles and the science behind here can be looked at with two forces that occur here. One is the air within the bubble that pushes out and the soapy film pushes in. For balancing these two forces, the soapy film will assume the smallest surface area. This shape will be a sphere. Hence bubbles floating in the air looks round irrespective of the bubble wand shape used.


Playing with DIY Easter Egg Bubble Wands

As mentioned I have already tried this and hence Pritika is aware of the trick and she understood the bubble shape does not depend on the wand’s shape. It will always remain round. However, she was surprised to see three times more and smaller bubbles would emerge from our Easter egg bubble wands.

I did not explain detailed physics and chemistry concepts but the basics and allowed her to enjoy. You can try with different variables and test for results.

EDIT: You can check for other bubble wands too by clicking the link given below

 Check this one for Easter science projects and have fun.

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Easter Egg Bubble Wands and Bubble Science

* This post does have some affiliate links. An affiliate link means that when you purchase using the link provided in this page, I would get a small referral fees without any extra cost to you. I high appreciate your understanding and support. 

Shape Bubble Wands – DIY in Different Shapes

Make your own shape bubble wands what shape bubbles will they make

Let’s have fun with bubble! You can now enjoy making bubble wands of different shapes and trust it is the best way of introducing shapes to your kids. Have fun in the backyard with bubbles and teach science to kids.

It is now easy to make a square, circle, and even a triangle shaped bubble wands. We will now understand how do wands make this and what shape will it make.

You can read our guest post at NurtureStore to witness our joy with the bubble wands.

We are glad that the ebook ABCs and 123s has selected this experiment as the best among the 40+ math and literacy activities.

The purpose of the ebook is to help elders including parents, teachers or even grandparents who engages little ones. Yes, this book contains shapes, alphabets, and numbers. You can now teach kids without missing any fun using this book. More than 40 bloggers who have the same thought of making kids activities in a fun way to help kids learn and grow are collected as one book called ABCs and 123s.

It contains more of math and literacy activities and nothing much to do with science. Did I say that? Then I am wrong there are few science activities as well. To know better we suggest you read the ebook.

 

You can find many more bubble science activities in the list given below. But, let me warn you as these bubble wands DIY are to some extent addictive. No not for kids but for us too. You can now make it quickly without depending on any bubble mixtures.

It’s just the beginning to have fun.

Shape Bubble Wands what size bubbles will they make